This Intrepid Robot Is the WALL-E of the Deep Sea


However the amount of carbon confined can vary from sea to sea as well as weather and climate. Too often, researchers have little to do with the environmental and medical problems that are taking place there. MBARI biologist Crissy Huffard, who wrote the new paper, stated: “This method allows us to understand the amount of carbon dioxide that can enter the wetlands. “It’s our only idea of ​​the amount of carbon that can be stored in wetlands, compared to the amount that is consumed and probably contributes to the acidity in the deep sea.” (When carbon dioxide dissolves in seawater, it forms carbonic acid.)

Here is a challenging example of one of the secrets of carbon under the sea. In California, the ground is much warmer than the surrounding ocean, a difference that contributes to hurricanes. This can cause the water to overflow. This leads to a large number of nutrients that feed on phytoplankton, which germinate on the surface of the water, then die and turn to snow. Between 2015 and 2020, for example, the BR-II fluorescence camera saw a dramatic increase in the amount of phytoplankton that reaches the bottom of the ocean floor. At the same time, its sensors detected a lack of oxygen, meaning that microbes in the ocean floor were busy creating a bonanza of material objects.

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This brings questions to Huffard. “Usually, the region is in a state of shock at the supply of food — it could be food for years to come in just a few weeks. So how does it change the whole universe? ”He asks. “The response of a group of animals is almost instantaneous. They start eating right away, no big delay. The tiny insects are just getting ready and ready to go.”

What does this mean for the movement of carbon? Ideally, the material that falls on rain, is the one that is most likely to be removed by the atmosphere. But at the same time, underwater creatures that are eating the bonus buffet also absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which can cause deep water to become acidic. And because the oceans are constantly moving, some carbon dioxide can return to the surface of the water and the atmosphere. “We are showing that more gas than predicted is going to the deep ocean,” Huffard said. “Rover adds a section telling us that most of the carbon is consumed when it is on the ground, not stored in the mud.”

Is California’s glacier is now stable on California water, or is it less efficient? With a benthic rover, scientists are able to gather the necessary long-term data to begin providing answers. Lisa Levin, a marine researcher at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, observes: “The deep ocean is often poorly taught and appreciated, even though it is important for the planet to be healthy and adaptable to climate change.” this work. “Many such tools can help us better understand biogeochemical changes – critical in improving climate, species, fish, and much more.” Rovers can also help scientists learn about the effects of mining operations in the deep sea.


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