The effects of COVID and Brexit have seen migration decline sharply over the years, says ONS.
Total migration to United KJingdom declined by about 90 percent last year to the lowest level since 1993 due to the crisis of COVID-19 and Brexit, government figures showed Thursday.
The National Statistics Office has released the first interim forecast showing that 34,000 more people migrated to the UK last year than those who migrated, up from 271,000 in 2019.
“Migration has declined sharply in 2020 than in previous years, probably due to the combination of the coronavirus and Brexit,” the ONS said.
Concerns about unrestricted migration from the European Union – which exceeded 200,000 net worth in 2015 – were a major part of the 2016 Brexit referendum.
Recently, businesses have complained about the lack of jobs due to the shortage of immigrants.
The UK withdrew from the EU at the end of January 2020 – although EU citizens retained the right to migrate to the UK until the end of the year – but COVID caused foreign travel to stall from the end of March 2020.
The epidemic also severely disrupted the ONS ‘ability to collect migration information because it abandoned the practice of monitoring passengers at airports and ports.
The short-term trend is based on statistical experiments and needs to be revised, with an estimated 2020 estimates from a migration of 125,000 to a migration of 58,000, the ONS said.
Looking at non-British EU people alone, there were about 94,000 migrations, according to the ONS.
Unlike most European countries, the UK does not have a valid card or compulsory residence permit which would make it easier to monitor migration.
“While there is no evidence to leave the UK in 2020, global travel restrictions mean that the movement of people was limited, with all sources showing that migration has declined sharply over the years,” said ONS reader Jay Lindop.
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